Phonics & Reading
What is phonics?
Phonics is a fundamental method of teaching children how to read and write.
Phonics is all about sounds. There are 44 sounds in the English language, which we put together to form words. Some are represented by one letter, like 't', and some by two or more, like 'ck' in duck and 'air' in chair. Children are taught the sounds first, then how to match them to letters, and finally how to use the letter sounds for reading and spelling. Synthetic phonics refers to 'synthesising', or blending, the sounds to read words. It is based on the idea that children should sound out unknown words and not rely on their context. Children in Reception and Key Stage 1 are taught phonics on a daily basis. We follow the progression set out in ‘Letters and sounds.’ Children’s reading books support their learning of phonics and allow them to apply the sounds and High Frequency words they read. Reading books are graded by difficulty by reading levels known as Book Bands. Each Book Band has its own colour. Within each level there is a carefully planned progression of books. This fine progression gives children plenty of opportunity to develop their reading skills and master each fine step while moving through the reading programme.
We run parent workshops to support parents in their own understanding of phonics and how to help their children learn to read.